Environmental impact assessment
All activities on the Units 3&4 have been performed in compliance with the system of environmental management according to the ISO 14 001:2004 standard. The future Mochovce 3&4 operations will adversely impact neither the environment, nor health of the Mochovce region population.
- 1994: Environmental impact study of the future operation based on a thorough review by the independent organisation AEA Technology from Great Britain was developed. The study outcomes proved that the power plant meets all international requirements laid on nuclear power plants and that the future operation impact will be greatly minimised.
- 2007: Study of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Mochovce NPP Units 3&4 was developed for company internal purposes by the international renowned agency Golder Associates. The study confirmed that the operation of all four Mochovce NPP units will not have significant adverse effect on the environment. Indeed, the project will result in a number of positive effects, both providing economic benefits to the immediate surrounding communities and avoiding greenhouse gases emissions, compared to conventional plants.
- 2008: In May 2008, Slovenské elektrárne asked the Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic (MoEn) for its statement if the proposed activity "MO34 completion" is subject to the environmental impact assessments according to the Act No. 24/2006 Coll. since the basic design of MO34 had been modified. The Ministry of Environment has declared that the project of MO34 completion shall not be considered as a new activity or as a major change of the original design. However, before the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic grants a license for the Mochovce NPP, Units 3 & 4 operation, it will be necessary for this nuclear installation to undergo the environmental impact assessments according to the Act No. 24/2006 Coll.
- 2009: Environtmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process
- 2010: The Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic issued its approving Final Statement.
In order to get a permit for commissioning of nuclear facility and operating the nuclear facility, Slovenské elektrárne submitted already in December 2008 to the Ministry of Environment in compliance with Act No. 24/2006 Coll. document - so called Intention for the Proposed Activity "Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce VVER 4 x 440 MW, 3rd construction". Intention of the Proposed Activity represents assessment of affects of the nuclear complex and commissioning of both units VVER 4 x 440 MW type with an objective to generate electricity in order to ensure electricity supplies for individual consumers. The intention of the proposed activity was elaborated in compliance with Energy Concept of the Slovak Republic. This document was subject to commenting not only in SR, but also neighbouring countries gave their standpoint on it and they expressed their position on whether they would like to participate in the assessment process. Also lay public, non-governmental and environmental organizations and representatives of involved municipalities around Mochovce NPP gave their standpoint on the document. The period for consulting took 21 days and was completed in March 2009 when comments from stakeholders, public, Austrian Government, Czech Government, and Polish Government gave their standpoints in order to define the scope of assessment for the Report about assessment of the environmental impacts of the assessed activity on the Environment.
The scope of assessment specified general and specific conditions which the proponent (SE, a.s.) had to supplement into the Report on Impact of the proposed activity on the Environment. The Scope of Assessment was prepared by MoEn on 29 May 2009 and then it was consequently delivered to SE, a.s. MO34.
The report on Environment Impact Assessment of the proposed activity was submitted to the MoEn in August 2009 and simultaneously started the process of public commenting which took 30 days in compliance with the NC SR Act No. 24/2006 Coll. The report was prepared in compliance with §31 of the NC SR Act No. 24/2006 Coll. and Annexes No. 11 and 15 of this Act. Consequently was the Report on impact assessment of the activity delivered to the relevant sections, permitting, and other involved bodies of state administration and it was published on the web site of the MoEn SR. The involved municipalities informed the public on this fact within three days from the delivery of the Report or of the Generally Comprehensive Final Statement.
- Public hearing was organized and chaired by municipality Kalná nad Hronom on 18th September in cooperation with Slovenské elektrárne. Stakeholders from Slovakia and neighbouring countries were invited.
- Public hearing took place on 25th September in Vienna and was organized by Town Hall of Vienna Municipality.
- Public hearing was organized by the Ministry of Environment and Water of the Hungarian Republic and took place on 12th October in Esztergom.
- A consultation took place on 21st December in Ukraine in Uzhgorod based on a request of the MoEn of Ukraine.
All public hearings were open to broad public. Comments from general public and main items resulting from the hearings were recorded and written into Minutes of the Meeting.
In general, the comments were sent directly to the Ministry of Environment. Comments provided to the local municipality or to SE were sent to the MoEn and they were received by post, facsimile, e-mail, in Slovak, or (in case of stakeholders from abroad) in English or German. Comments were collected together with those raised during the public hearings.
The MoEn than considered the relevance of the received comments, which were also considered by a professional assessor appointed by the MoEn for of EIA examination. Professional assessment was submitted to the MoEn which prepared on its basis Final Statement and it was on 30th April 2010 delivered to Slovenské elektrárne, a.s. Consequently this standpoint was announced to the relevant municipalities which provided it to local public and to all involved registered stakeholders and governments of neighbouring countries.
In the standpoint of the MoEn was stated that the MoEn is stated that impact of the operation of units 3&4 on the environment will be negligible. Thus was all the assessment process of impact on environment completed and the Final Statement is one of the key documents needed for the Nuclear Regulatory Authority for granting a permit for commissioning of the unit 3&4 into operation after their completion in 2012 and 2013.
- Environmental Impact Assessment Study for Mochovce NPP Units 3&4 – September 2007
- “NPP Mochovce VVER 4x440MW 3rd construction” intent pursuant to Act No. 24/2006 Coll. – EIA part
- General Executive Summary
- Exucutive summary: Environmental Impact Assessment Study for Mochovce NPP Units 3&4