In the south of Slovakia, between the towns of Nitra and Levice, there are four WWER 440/V-213 pressurised water reactors of Mochovce NPP with the power of 470 MW each.
The Unit 1 have supplied electricity to the grid since the summer of 1998, the Unit 2 since late 1999. Their gross power output was up-rated from 440 to 470 MW per each unit. Two Mochovce NPP Units deliver roughly 7 million MWh of electricity annually that is over one quarter of Slovakia's electricity demand.
Construction of Units 3 and 4 in in the final stage and the reactors shall be put in operation at the end of 2018 or 2019 respectively.
The Mochovce units have passed through a design evolution with a number of improvements evaluated and approved by Slovak and international experts, and meet all international nuclear safety standards.
|20 000 BC
Inhabited by humans, stone axe found
|1 259 AD
First written mention of a settlement called Mohi
Start of construction works
at Mochovce NPP – ground works
Start of construction works on Mochovce NPP unit 1 and 2
Start of construction works on Mochovce NPP unit 3 and 4
Replacement of the instrumentation and control system
Halt of the construction works
Re-start of conrtruction works on unit 1 and 2
Commissioning of unit 1
Commissioning of unit 2
Enel acquired 66 % of Slovenské elektrárne
Unit 1 and 2 installed output increased to 107%
Start of the Mochovce NPP 3&4 completion project
|Number of units||2|
|Reactor type||VVER 440/V 213 - tlakovodný|
|Reactor heat capacity||1 471 MWt|
|Reactor rated output||470 MWe|
|Self-consumption||35 MW (7.2 % of the rated output)|
|Reactor pressure vessel|
|- internal diameter||3 542 mm|
|- wall thickness||140 + 9 mm|
|- height||11 805 mm|
|- weight (less internals)||215 150 kg|
|- material||Cr-Mo-V steel|
|- number of cooling loops||6|
|- coolant flow rate||42 600 m3/h|
|- operating pressure||12,26 MPa|
|- reactor output coolant temperature||297,3 °C|
|- reactor input coolant temperature||267,9 °C|
|- core temperature drop||29°C|
|- overall volume||242 m3|
|- number of operating fuel assemblies||312|
|- number of control fuel assemblies||37|
|- total fuel assemblies||349|
|- core fuel weight||42 t|
|- fuel used||UO2|
|- medium fuel enrichment||4,87 % U235|
|Steam-generator||6 per unit|
|- PG type||V-213|
|- amount of steam generated||450 t/h|
|- steam output pressure||4,61 MPa|
|- steam output temperature||255 °C|
|- feed water temperature||222 °C|
|- weight||169 t (less suspensions)|
|Turbo-generator||2 per unit|
|- ŠKODA type||220 MWe|
|- number of stages||1 high-pressure, 2 low-pressure|
|- rated rotational speed||3 000 rpm|
|- generator rated apparent output||250 MVA|
|- terminal voltage||15,75 kV|
|- rated current||3 x 9 500 A|
|- amount of cooling water||35 000 m3/h|
|- maximum cooling water temperature||33 °C|
|Number of towers||4|
|Bottom diameter||88.54 m|
|Upper diameter||56.6 m|
|Pool diameter||98.36 m|
|4 hydro-accumulators||70 m3 each|
|- water volume||40-50 m3|
|- nitrogen volume||20-30 m3|
|- overall barbotage well capacity||13 800 m3|
|- 4 capture chambers for gases with a capacity||16 140 m3|
|- 12 barbotage throughs||1 380 m3|
|- pump capacity||65 m3/h|
|- outlet pressure||13,5 MPa|
|- pump capacity||800 m3/h|
|- outlet pressure||0,72 MPa|
|- pump capacity||380-520 m3/h|
Nuclear power plants emit no greenhouse gas to the atmosphere, in this way NPPs annually contribute to CO2 emission reduction by 15 million tonnes in Slovakia.
Nuclear power plants hence contribute significantly to the obligation to reduce emissions of harmful greenhouse gas to the atmosphere.
Mochovce NPP meets all international requirements and that the operation impact is minimal.
Water required for cooling is taken from a water dam built on the nearby Hron river, which ensures sufficient supply of water even in extremely dry climate conditions. The impact of the discharged waters on the quality of the Hron river water, fauna and flora is negligible.
Emissions to the atmosphere and effluents to the hydrosphere are regularly measured and assessed in the 15-km area around the plant. There are 25 monitoring stations of the tele-dosimetry system, which continuously monitor the dose rate of gamma radiation, activity of aerosols and radioactive iodine in the air, soil, water and food chain (feed, milk, agricultural products). The volume of radioactive substances contained in liquid and gaseous discharges is considerably lower than the limits set out by authorities.
Civic Information Committee (CIC) Mochovce is an independent information channel to transfer information between the Mochovce NPP and the population living in its vicinity. Its establishment by Mochovce NPP was based on good practice from some world countries where similar committees had been established on the basis of voluntariness or legislation.
The purpose of the Committee consisting of representatives of the public who are active and known in the public and social life is to transfer qualified and current information by its independent members to the public in compliance with strategic objectives and goals of Slovenské elektrárne in the field of informing public and in compliance with the Act on Free Access to Information.
CIC was established by Mochovce Director as of January 1, 2005 with the aim to carry on an open dialogue with the public on peaceful use of nuclear energy, and taking into account the right of citizens to be informed truly and immediately of all aspects of operation of nuclear power plants, safety and impact of the power plant on the environment by delegated representatives of the citizens, and to improve the quality of informing the public.